Oaxaca

Description

Oaxaca is one of the 31 states of Mexico. It is located in the southern part of the country. With an area of 95,364 km² (36,820.2 sq mi), Oaxaca is the fifth largest state in the republic. According to the 2005 census it had a population of 3,506,821 inhabitants.

Oaxaca is well known for its indigenous peoples and cultures, the most numerous and best known are the Zapotecs and the Mixtecs, but there are sixteen other indigenous peoples which are officially recognized. These cultures have survived better to the present than most others in Mexico due to the state’s rugged and isolating terrain. Most live in the Central Valleys region, which is also an important area for tourism, attracting people for its archeological sites such as Monte Albán, native culture and crafts. Another important tourist area is the coast, which has the major resort of Huatulco. The state also has some of the largest biodiversity in Mexico.

Oaxaca has a rugged topography, as several mountain chains come together in its territory. Elevation vary from sea level to 3,759 m, averaging at 1,500 m. Between these mountains are mostly narrow valleys, canyons and ravines. Major elevations in the state include Cempoaltepetl (3,396 m), El Espinazo del Diablo, Nindú Naxinda Yucunino and Cerro Encantado.

The Sierra Madre del Sur runs along the coast with an average width of 150 km and a minimum height of 2,000 meter with peaks over 2,500. In various regions, the chain is locally known by other names, such as the Sierra de Miahuatlán and the Sierra de la Garza. The Sierra Madre de Oaxaca enters the state from the Puebla and Veracruz borders in the Tuxtepec region, running northwest to southeast towards the Central Valleys region, then onto the Tehuantepec area. Local names for parts of this range include Sierra de Tamazulapan, Sierra de Nochixtlan, Sierra de Huautla, Sierra de Juárez, Sierra de Ixtlan and others. Average altitude is 2,500 masl with peaks over 3,000 and width averages at about 75km. The Sierra Atravesada is a prolongation of the Sierra Madre de Chiapas. This range is not as high as the other two with an average elevation of just over 600 meters. Most of it is located in the Juchitán district running east-west.

The only valleys of any real size are the Central Valleys between Etla and Miahuatlan, which contains the city of Oaxaca. Smaller populated valleys include Nochixtlan, Nejapa, Cuicatlan and Tuxtepec. Small mesas contain population centers such as Putla, Juxtlahuaca, Tamazulapan, Zacatepec, Tlaxiaco and Huajuapan. The largest canyons in the state are those in the Cuicatlan area and include the Cortés, Galicia and María in the municipality of Tlaxiaco. There are a very large number of small canyons as well as ravines and arroyos of all sizes.

Books

Kompass
Germany
  • MARCO POLO Reiseführer Mexiko
  • Kompakte Informationen, Insider-Tipps, Erlebnistouren und digitale Extras:Entdecken Sie mit MARCO POLO Mexiko intensiv von den Stränden am Pazifik bis zu den Pyramiden im Urwald von Yucatán - mit dem MARCO POLO Reiseführer kommen Sie sofort in Mexiko an. Erfahren Sie, welche Highlights Sie neben den waghalsigen Felsenspringern in Acapulco und... Read more
Bol.com
Netherlands
  • National Geographic Traveler Mexico
  • Whether you're planning to watch the thrilling cliff divers of Acapulco, stroll on cobblestone streets amid the silversmith shops of Taxco, or laze on a Yucatan beach after a day visiting ancient Mayan pyramids, National Geographic Traveler: Mexico has everything you need to make your trip a memorable one. You'll find 3D illustrations,... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • Bol.com, Belgium
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Bol.com
Belgium
  • National Geographic Traveler Mexico
  • Whether you're planning to watch the thrilling cliff divers of Acapulco, stroll on cobblestone streets amid the silversmith shops of Taxco, or laze on a Yucatan beach after a day visiting ancient Mayan pyramids, National Geographic Traveler: Mexico has everything you need to make your trip a memorable one. You'll find 3D illustrations,... Read more
» Click to close
De Zwerver
Netherlands
2011
  • Reisgids Kunstreiseführer Mexiko | Dumont
  • Zeer diepgaande reisgids over Mexico op het gebied van kunst, cultuur en geschiedenis. Veel plattegronden van interessante bezienswaardigheden, beschrijvingen van achtergronden. Absoluut een aanrader voor de geïnteresseerde reiziger! Mexiko, die mit 110 Millionen Einwohnern größte spanischsprachige Nation der Welt, bietet dem an Kultur und... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • Kompass, Germany
» Click to open
Kompass
Germany
2011
  • DuMont Kunst-Reiseführer Mexiko
  • Mexiko, die mit 110 Millionen Einwohnern größte spanischsprachige Nation der Welt, bietet dem an Kultur und Kunst interessierten Reisenden ein überwältigendes Angebot. Hinzu kommt eine landschaftliche Vielfalt, die von schneebedeckten Vulkanen und kakteenbestandenen Wüsten über 10 000 km Küstenlinie an zwei Ozeanen bis hin zu tropischen... Read more
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De Zwerver
Netherlands
2016
  • Reisgids Oaxaca | Moon
  • De Amerikaanse uitgever Moon is een vergelijkbare gids met uitgever Lonely Planet > veel praktische informatie met veel diepgang! Het feit dat het een Amerikaanse uitgever is, maken deze gidsen zeer aantrekkelijk voor de staten en nabije landen afzonderlijk. De Lonely Planet haalt dat nivo niet! Seasoned travel writer and Mexico expert Bruce... Read more
Bol.com
Netherlands
  • DK Eyewitness Travel Guide Mexico
  • The ideal travel companion, full of insider advice on what to see and do, plus detailed itineraries and comprehensive maps for exploring this compelling country. Explore ancient Mayan pyramids at the astonishing Chichen Itza, spend a balmy evening listening to troubadours in Merida or wander the colourful markets of Oaxaca: everything you need... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • Bol.com, Belgium
» Click to open
Bol.com
Belgium
  • DK Eyewitness Travel Guide Mexico
  • The ideal travel companion, full of insider advice on what to see and do, plus detailed itineraries and comprehensive maps for exploring this compelling country. Explore ancient Mayan pyramids at the astonishing Chichen Itza, spend a balmy evening listening to troubadours in Merida or wander the colourful markets of Oaxaca: everything you need... Read more
» Click to close
Bol.com
Netherlands
  • West of the West
  • Teddy Roosevelt once exclaimed, When I am in California, I am not in the West. I am west of the West, and in this book, Mark Arax spends four years travelling up and down the Golden State to explore its singular place in the world. This is California beyond the clich s. This is California as only a native son, deep in the dust, could draw... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • Bol.com, Belgium
» Click to open
Bol.com
Belgium
  • West of the West
  • Teddy Roosevelt once exclaimed, When I am in California, I am not in the West. I am west of the West, and in this book, Mark Arax spends four years travelling up and down the Golden State to explore its singular place in the world. This is California beyond the clich s. This is California as only a native son, deep in the dust, could draw... Read more
» Click to close
Bol.com
Netherlands
  • Mexican Days
  • Tony Cohan’s On Mexican Time, his chronicle of discovering a new life in the small Mexican mountain town of San Miguel de Allende, has beguiled readers and become a travel classic. Now, in Mexican Days, point of arrival becomes point of departure as—faced with the invasion of the town by tourists and an entire Hollywood movie crew, a magazine... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • Bol.com, Belgium
» Click to open
Bol.com
Belgium
  • Mexican Days
  • Tony Cohan’s On Mexican Time, his chronicle of discovering a new life in the small Mexican mountain town of San Miguel de Allende, has beguiled readers and become a travel classic. Now, in Mexican Days, point of arrival becomes point of departure as—faced with the invasion of the town by tourists and an entire Hollywood movie crew, a magazine... Read more
» Click to close
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